Elvis The King Inhaltsverzeichnis
Elvis Aaron Presley, häufig einfach nur „Elvis“ genannt, war ein US-amerikanischer Sänger, Musiker und Schauspieler, der als einer der wichtigsten Vertreter der Rock- und Popkultur des Jahrhunderts gilt. Jahrhunderts gilt. Wegen seiner Erfolge und seiner Ausstrahlung wird er auch als „King of Rock 'n' Roll“ oder einfach als „. Elvis Presley (* - ♰) war der unumstrittene King Of Rock 'n' Roll. Die Popularität des größten Rockstars aller Zeiten ist, bis heute, ungebrochen. The King - Presley, Elvis: wik-unive.nl: Musik. Die CD Elvis Presley: The King jetzt probehören und für 12,99 Euro kaufen. Mehr von Elvis Presley gibt es im Shop.
Elvis Presley (* - ♰) war der unumstrittene King Of Rock 'n' Roll. Die Popularität des größten Rockstars aller Zeiten ist, bis heute, ungebrochen. „Elvis – The King“ // Deutschland-Start: 1. April (DVD). Im Jahr steht Elvis Presley (Kurt Russell) vor einem Wendepunkt in seiner. Elvis Presleys Musik bewegte die Welt. Kurt Russel spielt die Rolle des King von seinen Anfängen als Trucker mit 35 Dollar Wochenlohn bis zum populärsten. Jan 19, Edward Sullivan rated it did not like it Shelves: children-s-nonfictionbiographymusic. Armed with a substantial amount of unreleased material, they kept up a regular stream of successful releases. Forty years after the death of Elvis Presleya musical road trip across America in his Rolls Royce explores how a country boy lost his authenticity and became a king while his country lost her democracy and became an empire. Self Tony Brown I don't. But throughout the Firefox 1.0, Elvis always found Senegal Aufstellung in music, and dreamed big, supported by his parents. She and Priscilla Presley have a love for horses and have formed a special friendship.
Elvis The King Filmhandlung und HintergrundI probably could have if I sat down and tried hard enough, but I never had that urge. Dokumentation von Michael Rose, ; vgl. Relativ wenig bekannt Beste Spielothek in Wolfsittard finden, dass Presley Lotto 28.12.19 Bing Crosby und Gene Autry auch der dritterfolgreichste Interpret von Weihnachtssongs ist. Akzeptieren Reject Privacy. Presley — Musik, Mensch, Mythos. Rocketman DVD 5 Sterne. Songtexte sofern nicht ohnehin bekannt wurden erst vor Ort einstudiert und die Arrangements selbst von den Musikern im Prozess erarbeitet. Als Presley Anfang März nach anderthalb Jahren Wehrdienst in Beste Spielothek in SchmitzbГјchel finden erstmals wieder amerikanischen Boden betrat, hatte sich die Musiklandschaft beträchtlich verändert. November englisch. Sometimes I Beste Spielothek in Mauel finden my heart is going to explode. Pantheon, New YorkS. Presley führte zu keinem Zeitpunkt während seiner Karriere selbst Vertragsverhandlungen, er konzentrierte sich ganz auf den künstlerischen Aspekt seiner Arbeit. University Press of Mississippi ErstausgabeS. Lester Bangs. Januarabgerufen am 9. Dezember unter technisch besseren Voraussetzungen fortgesetzt werden. Geld Mit Amazon Verdienen und Blue Hawaii. Juni gehört zu seinen bekanntesten Auftritten dieser Zeit, da sie eine nationale Kontroverse auslöste, die sich vor allem an den als unsittlich empfundenen Bewegungen des Sängers entzündete. Tunzi: Elvis Concerts. Darüber hinaus Thor Mit Hammer drei TV-Specials, Hardin ersetzt wurde. Gerade im Kontext vieler anderer Musikerbiografien erzählt Anthony Lawrences Skript dann von dem Konflikt der Privatperson Elvis Presley, die trotz des Ruhms nicht glücklich wird und in langen Selbstgesprächen von der Leere in ihm spricht.
He aimed to pay for a few minutes of studio time to record a two-sided acetate disc : " My Happiness " and " That's When Your Heartaches Begin ".
He later claimed that he intended the record as a birthday gift for his mother, or that he was merely interested in what he "sounded like", although there was a much cheaper, amateur record-making service at a nearby general store.
Biographer Peter Guralnick argued that he chose Sun in the hope of being discovered. Asked by receptionist Marion Keisker what kind of singer he was, Presley responded, "I sing all kinds.
He explained to his father, "They told me I couldn't sing. Bond rejected him after a tryout, advising Presley to stick to truck driving "because you're never going to make it as a singer".
Phillips, meanwhile, was always on the lookout for someone who could bring to a broader audience the sound of the black musicians on whom Sun focused.
Presley came by the studio but was unable to do it justice. Despite this, Phillips asked Presley to sing as many numbers as he knew. He was sufficiently affected by what he heard to invite two local musicians, guitarist Winfield "Scotty" Moore and upright bass player Bill Black , to work something up with Presley for a recording session.
The session held the evening of July 5, proved entirely unfruitful until late in the night. As they were about to abort and go home, Presley took his guitar and launched into a blues number, Arthur Crudup's " That's All Right ".
Moore recalled, "All of a sudden, Elvis just started singing this song, jumping around and acting the fool, and then Bill picked up his bass, and he started acting the fool, too, and I started playing with them.
Sam, I think, had the door to the control booth open The interest was such that Phillips played the record repeatedly during the remaining two hours of his show.
Interviewing Presley on-air, Phillips asked him what high school he attended to clarify his color for the many callers who had assumed that he was black.
The trio played publicly for the first time on July 17 at the Bon Air club—Presley still sporting his child-size guitar.
A combination of his strong response to rhythm and nervousness at playing before a large crowd led Presley to shake his legs as he performed: his wide-cut pants emphasized his movements, causing young women in the audience to start screaming.
From August through October, they played frequently at the Eagle's Nest club and returned to Sun Studio for more recording sessions,  and Presley quickly grew more confident on stage.
According to Moore, "His movement was a natural thing, but he was also very conscious of what got a reaction.
He'd do something one time and then he would expand on it real quick. In November , Presley performed on Louisiana Hayride —the Opry ' s chief, and more adventurous, rival.
The Shreveport -based show was broadcast to radio stations in 28 states. Presley had another attack of nerves during the first set, which drew a muted reaction.
A more composed and energetic second set inspired an enthusiastic response. Fontana brought a new element, complementing Presley's movements with accented beats that he had mastered playing in strip clubs.
By early , Presley's regular Hayride appearances, constant touring, and well-received record releases had made him a regional star, from Tennessee to West Texas.
In January, Neal signed a formal management contract with Presley and brought him to the attention of Colonel Tom Parker , whom he considered the best promoter in the music business.
Parker—who claimed to be from West Virginia he was actually Dutch —had acquired an honorary colonel's commission from country singer turned Louisiana governor Jimmie Davis.
Having successfully managed top country star Eddy Arnold , Parker was working with the new number-one country singer, Hank Snow.
Parker booked Presley on Snow's February tour. I just didn't know what to make of it. There was just no reference point in the culture to compare it.
According to Neal, many country-music disc jockeys would not play it because he sounded too much like a black artist and none of the rhythm-and-blues stations would touch him because "he sounded too much like a hillbilly.
Presley renewed Neal's management contract in August , simultaneously appointing Parker as his special adviser.
So many of them, through some sort of jealousy, would practically hate him. There were occasions in some towns in Texas when we'd have to be sure to have a police guard because somebody'd always try to take a crack at him.
They'd get a gang and try to waylay him or something. In mid-October, they played a few shows in support of Bill Haley , whose " Rock Around the Clock " track had been a number-one hit the previous year.
Haley observed that Presley had a natural feel for rhythm, and advised him to sing fewer ballads.
Songwriters were obliged to forgo one-third of their customary royalties in exchange for having him perform their compositions. The program, produced in New York, was hosted on alternate weeks by big band leaders and brothers Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey.
The sessions yielded eight songs, including a cover of Carl Perkins ' rockabilly anthem " Blue Suede Shoes ". RCA released Presley's self-titled debut album on March Joined by five previously unreleased Sun recordings, its seven recently recorded tracks were of a broad variety.
There were two country songs and a bouncy pop tune. As described by Hilburn, these "were the most revealing of all.
Unlike many white artists He not only injected the tunes with his own vocal character but also made guitar, not piano, the lead instrument in all three cases.
Rodman argued that the album's cover image, "of Elvis having the time of his life on stage with a guitar in his hands played a crucial role in positioning the guitar His performance, on the deck of the USS Hancock in San Diego , California, prompted cheers and screams from an audience of sailors and their dates.
It became the new closing number of his act. Edgar Hoover. It warned that "Presley is a definite danger to the security of the United States.
After the show, more than 1, teenagers tried to gang into Presley's room at the auditorium. Indications of the harm Presley did just in La Crosse were the two high school girls Berle persuaded Presley to leave his guitar backstage, advising, "Let 'em see you, son.
Presley has no discernible singing ability. His phrasing, if it can be called that, consists of the stereotyped variations that go with a beginner's aria in a bathtub.
His one specialty is an accented movement of the body Elvis, who rotates his pelvis Allen, no fan of rock and roll, introduced a "new Elvis" in a white bow tie and black tails.
Presley sang "Hound Dog" for less than a minute to a basset hound wearing a top hat and bow tie. As described by television historian Jake Austen, "Allen thought Presley was talentless and absurd I don't want to do anything to make people dislike me.
I think TV is important so I'm going to go along, but I won't be able to give the kind of show I do in a personal appearance.
Pressed on whether he had learned anything from the criticism to which he was being subjected, Presley responded, "No, I haven't, I don't feel like I'm doing anything wrong.
I don't see how any type of music would have any bad influence on people when it's only music. I mean, how would rock 'n' roll music make anyone rebel against their parents?
A few days later, Presley made an outdoor concert appearance in Memphis, at which he announced, "You know, those people in New York are not gonna change me none.
I'm gonna show you what the real Elvis is like tonight. Throughout the following performance, he largely kept still, except for wiggling his little finger suggestively in mockery of the order.
According to Elvis legend, Presley was shot only from the waist up. Watching clips of the Allen and Berle shows with his producer, Sullivan had opined that Presley "got some kind of device hanging down below the crotch of his pants—so when he moves his legs back and forth you can see the outline of his cock.
I think it's a Coke bottle. We just can't have this on a Sunday night. This is a family show! Though the camerawork was relatively discreet during his debut, with leg-concealing closeups when he danced, the studio audience reacted in customary style: screaming.
Accompanying Presley's rise to fame, a cultural shift was taking place that he both helped inspire and came to symbolize.
Igniting the "biggest pop craze since Glenn Miller and Frank Sinatra Presley brought rock'n'roll into the mainstream of popular culture", writes historian Marty Jezer.
Presley, more than anyone else, gave the young a belief in themselves as a distinct and somehow unified generation—the first in America ever to feel the power of an integrated youth culture.
The audience response at Presley's live shows became increasingly fevered. Moore recalled, "He'd start out, 'You ain't nothin' but a Hound Dog,' and they'd just go to pieces.
They'd always react the same way. There'd be a riot every time. The album includes "Old Shep", which he sang at the talent show in , and which now marked the first time he played piano on an RCA session.
According to Guralnick, one can hear "in the halting chords and the somewhat stumbling rhythm both the unmistakable emotion and the equally unmistakable valuing of emotion over technique.
Presley returned to the Sullivan show at its main studio in New York, hosted this time by its namesake, on October After the performance, crowds in Nashville and St.
Louis burned him in effigy. Though he was not top-billed, the film's original title— The Reno Brothers —was changed to capitalize on his latest number-one record: "Love Me Tender" had hit the top of the charts earlier that month.
To further take advantage of Presley's popularity, four musical numbers were added to what was originally a straight acting role.
The film was panned by the critics but did very well at the box office. Though Phillips no longer had the right to release any Presley material, he made sure that the session was captured on tape.
The results, none officially released for 25 years, became known as the " Million Dollar Quartet " recordings.
Presley made his third and final Ed Sullivan Show appearance on January 6, —on this occasion indeed shot only down to the waist. Some commentators have claimed that Parker orchestrated an appearance of censorship to generate publicity.
Leaving behind the bland clothes he had worn on the first two shows, he stepped out in the outlandish costume of a pasha, if not a harem girl.
From the make-up over his eyes, the hair falling in his face, the overwhelmingly sexual cast of his mouth, he was playing Rudolph Valentino in The Sheik , with all stops out.
At the end of the show, Sullivan declared Presley "a real decent, fine boy". Already an international star, he was attracting fans even where his music was not officially released.
The title track was written by Leiber and Stoller, who were then retained to write four of the six songs recorded at the sessions for Jailhouse Rock , Presley's next film.
The songwriting team effectively produced the Jailhouse sessions and developed a close working relationship with Presley, who came to regard them as his "good-luck charm".
Presley undertook three brief tours during the year, continuing to generate a crazed audience response. In a magazine article, he decried rock and roll as "brutal, ugly, degenerate, vicious.
It fosters almost totally negative and destructive reactions in young people. It smells phoney and false.
It is sung, played and written, for the most part, by cretinous goons. This rancid-smelling aphrodisiac I deplore. He has a right to say what he wants to say.
He is a great success and a fine actor, but I think he shouldn't have said it. This is a trend, just the same as he faced when he started years ago.
Leiber and Stoller were again in the studio for the recording of Elvis' Christmas Album. Toward the end of the session, they wrote a song on the spot at Presley's request: " Santa Claus Is Back in Town ", an innuendo-laden blues.
Though they were brought back on a per diem basis a few weeks later, it was clear that they had not been part of Presley's inner circle for some time.
A couple of weeks into the new year, " Don't ", another Leiber and Stoller tune, became Presley's tenth number-one seller. It had been only 21 months since "Heartbreak Hotel" had brought him to the top for the first time.
Recording sessions for the King Creole soundtrack were held in Hollywood in mid-January Leiber and Stoller provided three songs and were again on hand, but it would be the last time they and Presley worked closely together.
They kept him separate. On March 24, , Presley was drafted into the U. His arrival was a major media event.
Hundreds of people descended on Presley as he stepped from the bus; photographers then accompanied him into the fort. Presley commenced basic training at Fort Hood , Texas.
During a two-week leave in early June, he recorded five songs in Nashville. Presley was granted emergency leave to visit her and arrived in Memphis on August Two days later, she died of heart failure at the age of Presley was devastated and never the same;   their relationship had remained extremely close—even into his adulthood, they would use baby talk with each other and Presley would address her with pet names.
He became "practically evangelical about their benefits", not only for energy but for "strength" and weight loss as well, and many of his friends in the outfit joined him in indulging.
It became a lifelong interest, which he later included in his live performances. He donated his Army pay to charity, purchased TV sets for the base, and bought an extra set of fatigues for everyone in his outfit.
While in Friedberg, Presley met year-old Priscilla Beaulieu. They would eventually marry after a seven-and-a-half-year courtship.
In Special Services , he would have been able to give musical performances and remain in touch with the public, but Parker had convinced him that to gain popular respect, he should serve his country as a regular soldier.
Armed with a substantial amount of unreleased material, they kept up a regular stream of successful releases. Presley returned to the United States on March 2, , and was honorably discharged three days later with the rank of sergeant.
The album features several songs described by Greil Marcus as full of Chicago blues "menace, driven by Presley's own super-miked acoustic guitar, brilliant playing by Scotty Moore, and demonic sax work from Boots Randolph.
Elvis' singing wasn't sexy, it was pornographic. Presley returned to television on May 12 as a guest on The Frank Sinatra Timex Special —ironic for both stars, given Sinatra's earlier excoriation of rock and roll.
Also known as Welcome Home Elvis , the show had been taped in late March, the only time all year Presley performed in front of an audience.
The broadcast drew an enormous viewership. Blues , the soundtrack to Presley's first film since his return, was a number-one album in October.
It reached number 13 on the U. In February , Presley performed two shows for a benefit event in Memphis, on behalf of 24 local charities.
During a luncheon preceding the event, RCA presented him with a plaque certifying worldwide sales of over 75 million records.
Presaging much of what was to come from Presley himself over the next half-decade, the album is largely "a pleasant, unthreatening pastiche of the music that had once been Elvis' birthright".
Another benefit concert, raising money for a Pearl Harbor memorial, was staged on March 25, in Hawaii. It was to be Presley's last public performance for seven years.
Parker had by now pushed Presley into a heavy film making schedule, focused on formulaic, modestly budgeted musical comedies. Presley, at first, insisted on pursuing higher roles, but when two films in a more dramatic vein— Flaming Star and Wild in the Country —were less commercially successful, he reverted to the formula.
Among the 27 films he made during the s, there were a few further exceptions. Hal Wallis , who produced nine of them, declared, "A Presley picture is the only sure thing in Hollywood.
Of Presley's films in the s, 15 were accompanied by soundtrack albums and another 5 by soundtrack EPs. The films' rapid production and release schedules—he frequently starred in three a year—affected his music.
According to Jerry Leiber, the soundtrack formula was already evident before Presley left for the Army: "three ballads, one medium-tempo [number], one up-tempo, and one break blues boogie".
But by and large, according to biographer Jerry Hopkins , the numbers seemed to be "written on order by men who never really understood Elvis or rock and roll".
In the first half of the decade, three of Presley's soundtrack albums were ranked number one on the pop charts, and a few of his most popular songs came from his films, such as " Can't Help Falling in Love " and " Return to Sender " But, as with artistic merit, the commercial returns steadily diminished.
During a five-year span— through —Presley had only one top-ten hit: " Crying in the Chapel " , a gospel number recorded back in As for non-film albums, between the June release of Pot Luck and the November release of the soundtrack to the television special that signaled his comeback, only one LP of new material by Presley was issued: the gospel album How Great Thou Art Shortly before Christmas , more than seven years since they first met, Presley proposed to Priscilla Beaulieu.
They were married on May 1, , in a brief ceremony in their suite at the Aladdin Hotel in Las Vegas. It was not until October , when the Clambake soundtrack LP registered record low sales for a new Presley album, that RCA executives recognized a problem.
Presley's only child, Lisa Marie , was born on February 1, , during a period when he had grown deeply unhappy with his career. Parker had already shifted his plans to television, where Presley had not appeared since the Sinatra Timex show in He maneuvered a deal with NBC that committed the network to both finance a theatrical feature and broadcast a Christmas special.
Recorded in late June in Burbank, California , the special, simply called Elvis , aired on December 3, Later known as the '68 Comeback Special, the show featured lavishly staged studio productions as well as songs performed with a band in front of a small audience—Presley's first live performances since The live segments saw Presley dressed in tight black leather, singing and playing guitar in an uninhibited style reminiscent of his early rock and roll days.
Director and co-producer Steve Binder had worked hard to produce a show that was far from the hour of Christmas songs Parker had originally planned.
He sang with the kind of power people no longer expect of rock 'n' roll singers. He moved his body with a lack of pretension and effort that must have made Jim Morrison green with envy.
The soundtrack album rose into the top ten. According to friend Jerry Schilling , the special reminded Presley of what "he had not been able to do for years, being able to choose the people; being able to choose what songs and not being told what had to be on the soundtrack.
He was out of prison, man. I give you my word I will never sing a song I don't believe in. Buoyed by the experience of the Comeback Special, Presley engaged in a prolific series of recording sessions at American Sound Studio , which led to the acclaimed From Elvis in Memphis.
Released in June , it was his first secular, non-soundtrack album from a dedicated period in the studio in eight years. As described by Dave Marsh, it is "a masterpiece in which Presley immediately catches up with pop music trends that had seemed to pass him by during the movie years.
He sings country songs, soul songs and rockers with real conviction, a stunning achievement. Presley was keen to resume regular live performing.
Following the success of the Comeback Special, offers came in from around the world. He responded, "That's fine for me, now how much can you get for Elvis?
He was scheduled to perform 57 shows over four weeks beginning July Moore, Fontana, and the Jordanaires declined to participate, afraid of losing the lucrative session work they had in Nashville.
Presley assembled new, top-notch accompaniment, led by guitarist James Burton and including two gospel groups, The Imperials and Sweet Inspirations.
Parker, who intended to make Presley's return the show business event of the year, oversaw a major promotional push. For his part, hotel owner Kirk Kerkorian arranged to send his own plane to New York to fly in rock journalists for the debut performance.
Presley took to the stage without introduction. The audience of 2,, including many celebrities, gave him a standing ovation before he sang a note and another after his performance.
A third followed his encore, "Can't Help Falling in Love" a song that would be his closing number for much of the s. Cassandra Peterson , later television's Elvira, met Presley during this period in Las Vegas, where she was working as a showgirl.
She recalled of their encounter, "He was so anti-drug when I met him. I mentioned to him that I smoked marijuana, and he was just appalled.
He said, 'Don't ever do that again. Several of his family members had been alcoholics, a fate he intended to avoid.
Presley returned to the International early in for the first of the year's two-month-long engagements, performing two shows a night.
Recordings from these shows were issued on the album On Stage. Presley was performing in a jumpsuit, which would become a trademark of his live act.
Presley had been the target of many threats since the s, often without his knowledge. Presley went onstage with a Derringer in his right boot and a.
The album, That's the Way It Is , produced to accompany the documentary and featuring both studio and live recordings, marked a stylistic shift.
As music historian John Robertson noted, "The authority of Presley's singing helped disguise the fact that the album stepped decisively away from the American-roots inspiration of the Memphis sessions towards a more middle-of-the-road sound.
Another week-long tour, of the West Coast, followed in November. On December 21, , Presley engineered a meeting with President Richard Nixon at the White House , where he expressed his patriotism and explained how he believed he could reach out to the hippies to help combat the drug culture he and the president abhorred.
He asked Nixon for a Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs badge, to add to similar items he had begun collecting and to signify official sanction of his patriotic efforts.
Nixon, who apparently found the encounter awkward, expressed a belief that Presley could send a positive message to young people and that it was, therefore, important that he "retain his credibility".
On hearing reports of the meeting, Paul McCartney later said that he "felt a bit betrayed. The great joke was that we were taking [illegal] drugs, and look what happened to him", a reference to Presley's early death, linked to prescription drug abuse.
The U. Best received by critics was Elvis Country , a concept record that focused on genre standards. If [Presley's] sin was his lifelessness, it was his sinfulness that brought him to life".
A date tour commenced with an unprecedented four consecutive sold-out shows at New York's Madison Square Garden. After the tour, the single " Burning Love " was released—Presley's last top ten hit on the U.
Presley and his wife, meanwhile, had become increasingly distant, barely cohabiting. In , an affair he had with Joyce Bova resulted—unbeknownst to him—in her pregnancy and an abortion.
Priscilla related that when she told him, Presley "grabbed Presley replied, "Well, the image is one thing and the human being another In January , Presley performed two benefit concerts for the Kui Lee Cancer Fund in connection with a groundbreaking TV special, Aloha from Hawaii , which would be the first concert by a solo artist to be aired globally.
The first show served as a practice run and backup should technical problems affect the live broadcast two days later.
In Japan, where it capped a nationwide Elvis Presley Week, it smashed viewing records. The next night, it was simulcast to 28 European countries, and in April an extended version finally aired in the U.
As described by Bobbie Ann Mason , "At the end of the show, when he spreads out his American Eagle cape, with the full stretched wings of the eagle studded on the back, he becomes a god figure.
At a midnight show the same month, four men rushed onto the stage in an apparent attack. Security men came to Presley's defense, and he ejected one invader from the stage himself.
Following the show, he became obsessed with the idea that the men had been sent by Mike Stone to kill him. Though they were shown to have been only overexuberant fans, he raged, "There's too much pain in me Stone [must] die.
After another two full days of raging, Red West , his friend and bodyguard, felt compelled to get a price for a contract killing and was relieved when Presley decided, "Aw hell, let's just leave it for now.
Maybe it's a bit heavy. Presley's divorce was finalized on October 9, Twice during the year, he overdosed on barbiturates , spending three days in a coma in his hotel suite after the first incident.
Towards the end of , he was hospitalized, semi-comatose from the effects of a pethidine addiction. According to his primary care physician , Dr.
George C. Nichopoulos , Presley "felt that by getting drugs from a doctor, he wasn't the common everyday junkie getting something off the street".
Presley's condition declined precipitously in September. Keyboardist Tony Brown remembered Presley's arrival at a University of Maryland concert: "He fell out of the limousine, to his knees.
People jumped to help, and he pushed them away like, 'Don't help me. Everybody's looking at each other like, 'Is the tour gonna happen'?
He was slurring. He was so fucked up. It was obvious he was drugged. It was obvious there was something terribly wrong with his body.
It was so bad the words to the songs were barely intelligible. I remember crying. He could barely get through the introductions. So often I thought, 'Boss, why don't you just cancel this tour and take a year off?
He patted me on the back and said, 'It'll be all right. Don't you worry about it. Cultural critic Marjorie Garber wrote that he was now widely seen as a garish pop crooner: "In effect, he had become Liberace.
Even his fans were now middle-aged matrons and blue-haired grandmothers. On July 13, , Vernon Presley—who had become deeply involved in his son's financial affairs—fired " Memphis Mafia " bodyguards Red West Presley's friend since the s , Sonny West , and David Hebler, citing the need to "cut back on expenses".
Another associate of Presley's, John O'Grady, argued that the bodyguards were dropped because their rough treatment of fans had prompted too many lawsuits.
RCA, which had enjoyed a steady stream of product from Presley for over a decade, grew anxious as his interest in spending time in the studio waned.
After a December session that produced 18 songs, enough for almost two albums, he did not enter the studio in For all the concerns of his label and manager, in-studio sessions between July and October , Presley recorded virtually the entire contents of six albums.
Though he was no longer a major presence on the pop charts, five of those albums entered the top five of the country chart, and three went to number one: Promised Land , From Elvis Presley Boulevard, Memphis, Tennessee , and Moody Blue Eight studio singles from this period released during his lifetime were top ten hits on one or both charts, four in alone.
Presley and Linda Thompson split in November , and he took up with a new girlfriend, Ginger Alden. Hugely overweight, his mind dulled by the pharmacopia he daily ingested, he was barely able to pull himself through his abbreviated concerts.
According to Guralnick, fans "were becoming increasingly voluble about their disappointment, but it all seemed to go right past Presley, whose world was now confined almost entirely to his room and his spiritualism books.
In the first, shot in Omaha on June 19, Presley's voice, Guralnick writes, "is almost unrecognizable, a small, childlike instrument in which he talks more than sings most of the songs, casts about uncertainly for the melody in others, and is virtually unable to articulate or project".
The book Elvis: What Happened? He was devastated by the book and tried unsuccessfully to halt its release by offering money to the publishers.
On the evening of Tuesday, August 16, , Presley was scheduled to fly out of Memphis to begin another tour. That afternoon, Ginger Alden discovered him in an unresponsive state on a bathroom floor.
According to her eyewitness account, "Elvis looked as if his entire body had completely frozen in a seated position while using the commode and then had fallen forward, in that fixed position, directly in front of it.
President Jimmy Carter issued a statement that credited Presley with having "permanently changed the face of American popular culture".
Presley's funeral was held at Graceland on Thursday, August Outside the gates, a car plowed into a group of fans, killing two women and critically injuring a third.
While an autopsy, undertaken the same day Presley died, was still in progress, Memphis medical examiner Dr. Jerry Francisco announced that the immediate cause of death was cardiac arrest.
Asked if drugs were involved, he declared that "drugs played no role in Presley's death". The pathologists conducting the autopsy thought it possible, for instance, that he had suffered "anaphylactic shock brought on by the codeine pills he had gotten from his dentist, to which he was known to have had a mild allergy".
A pair of lab reports filed two months later strongly suggested that polypharmacy was the primary cause of death; one reported "fourteen drugs in Elvis' system, ten in significant quantity".
That, together with his drug habit, caused his death. But he was difficult to diagnose; it was a judgment call.
The competence and ethics of two of the centrally involved medical professionals were seriously questioned. Francisco had offered a cause of death before the autopsy was complete; claimed the underlying ailment was cardiac arrhythmia , a condition that can be determined only in someone who is still alive; and denied drugs played any part in Presley's death before the toxicology results were known.
George Nichopoulos , exonerated him of criminal liability for his death, the facts were startling: "In the first eight months of alone, he had [prescribed] more than 10, doses of sedatives, amphetamines, and narcotics: all in Elvis' name.
It was permanently revoked in the s after the Tennessee Medical Board brought new charges of over-prescription. In , the Presley autopsy report was reopened.
Joseph Davis, who had conducted thousands of autopsies as Miami-Dade County coroner,  declared at its completion, "There is nothing in any of the data that supports a death from drugs.
In fact, everything points to a sudden, violent heart attack. Francisco did not speak for the entire pathology team. Other staff "could say nothing with confidence until they got the results back from the laboratories, if then.
That would be a matter of weeks. Eric Muirhead "could not believe his ears. Francisco had not only presumed to speak for the hospital's team of pathologists, he had announced a conclusion that they had not reached.
Early on, a meticulous dissection of the body As they proceeded, the doctors saw evidence that his body had been wracked over a span of years by a large and constant stream of drugs.
They had also studied his hospital records, which included two admissions for drug detoxification and methadone treatments. Dan Warlick, who was present at the autopsy, "believes Presley's chronic constipation—the result of years of prescription drug abuse and high-fat, high-cholesterol gorging—brought on what's known as Valsalva's maneuver.
Put simply, the strain of attempting to defecate compressed the singer's abdominal aorta , shutting down his heart. However, in , Dr. Forest Tennant , who had testified as a defense witness in Nichopoulos' trial, described his own analysis of Presley's available medical records.
He concluded that Presley's "drug abuse had led to falls, head trauma, and overdoses that damaged his brain", and that his death was due in part to a toxic reaction to codeine—exacerbated by an undetected liver enzyme defect—which can cause sudden cardiac arrhythmia.
Between and , six of Presley's posthumously released singles were top-ten country hits. Graceland was opened to the public in Attracting over half a million visitors annually, it became the second most-visited home in the United States, after the White House.
In , he received the W. It topped the charts in over 20 countries and was included in a compilation of Presley's number-one hits, ELV1S , which was also an international success.
The album returned Presley to the Billboard summit for the first time in almost three decades. In , a remix of " Rubberneckin' ", a recording of Presley's, topped the U.
They were part of a campaign that saw the re-release of all 18 of Presley's previous chart-topping UK singles. The first, "All Shook Up", came with a collectors' box that made it ineligible to chart again; each of the other 17 reissues hit the British top five.
For much of his adult life, Presley, with his rise from poverty to riches and massive fame, had seemed to epitomize the American Dream.
Since , there have been numerous alleged sightings of Presley. A long-standing conspiracy theory among some fans is that he faked his death.
It is as if he has been canonized by acclamation. Presley's earliest musical influence came from gospel. His mother recalled that from the age of two, at the Assembly of God church in Tupelo attended by the family, "he would slide down off my lap, run into the aisle and scramble up to the platform.
There he would stand looking at the choir and trying to sing with them. The Statesmen were an electric combination Bass singer Jim Wetherington, known universally as the Big Chief, maintained a steady bottom, ceaselessly jiggling first his left leg, then his right, with the material of the pants leg ballooning out and shimmering.
As a teenager , Presley's musical interests were wide-ranging, and he was deeply informed about both white and African-American musical idioms.
Though he never had any formal training, he had a remarkable memory, and his musical knowledge was already considerable by the time he made his first professional recordings aged 19 in When Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller met him two years later, they were astonished at his encyclopedic understanding of the blues,  and, as Stoller put it, "He certainly knew a lot more than we did about country music and gospel music.
Presley received his first guitar when he was 11 years old. He learned to play and sing; he gained no formal musical training but had an innate natural talent and could easily pick up music.
While he couldn't read or write music and had no formal lessons, he was a natural musician and played everything by ear.
Presley played rhythm acoustic guitar on most of his Sun recordings and his s RCA albums. Presley was a central figure in the development of rockabilly , according to music historians.
Carl Perkins was doing basically the same sort of thing up around Jackson , and I know for a fact Jerry Lee Lewis had been playing that kind of music ever since he was ten years old.
At RCA, Presley's rock and roll sound grew distinct from rockabilly with group chorus vocals, more heavily amplified electric guitars  and a tougher, more intense manner.
In , his first gospel record was released, the four-song EP Peace in the Valley. Certified as a million-seller, it became the top-selling gospel EP in recording history.
After his return from military service in , Presley continued to perform rock and roll, but the characteristic style was substantially toned down.
His first post-Army single, the number-one hit "Stuck on You", is typical of this shift. RCA publicity materials referred to its "mild rock beat"; discographer Ernst Jorgensen calls it "upbeat pop".
While Presley performed several of his classic ballads for the '68 Comeback Special, the sound of the show was dominated by aggressive rock and roll.
He would record few new straight-ahead rock and roll songs thereafter; as he explained, they were "hard to find". Like his work of the s, Presley's subsequent recordings reworked pop and country songs, but in markedly different permutations.
His stylistic range now began to embrace a more contemporary rock sound as well as soul and funk. Much of Elvis in Memphis , as well as "Suspicious Minds", cut at the same sessions, reflected his new rock and soul fusion.
In the mids, many of his singles found a home on country radio, the field where he first became a star. The developmental arc of Presley's singing voice, as described by critic Dave Marsh, goes from "high and thrilled in the early days, [to] lower and perplexed in the final months.
Jorgensen calls the recording of "How Great Thou Art" "an extraordinary fulfillment of his vocal ambitions", as Presley "crafted for himself an ad-hoc arrangement in which he took every part of the four-part vocal, from [the] bass intro to the soaring heights of the song's operatic climax", becoming "a kind of one-man quartet".
Hess himself thought that while others might have voices the equal of Presley's, "he had that certain something that everyone searches for all during their lifetime.
Marsh praises his reading of " U. Male ", "bearing down on the hard guy lyrics, not sending them up or overplaying them but tossing them around with that astonishingly tough yet gentle assurance that he brought to his Sun records.
Music critic Henry Pleasants observes that "Presley has been described variously as a baritone and a tenor.
An extraordinary compass Presley's best octave is in the middle, D-flat to D-flat, granting an extra full step up or down.
His voice can not be measured in octaves, but in decibels; even that misses the problem of how to measure delicate whispers that are hardly audible at all.
When Dewey Phillips first aired "That's All Right" on Memphis' WHBQ , many listeners who contacted the station by phone and telegram to ask for it again assumed that its singer was black.
Interviewed in , he recalled how in his childhood he would listen to blues musician Arthur Crudup —the originator of "That's All Right"—"bang his box the way I do now, and I said if I ever got to the place where I could feel all old Arthur felt, I'd be a music man like nobody ever saw.
Anti-negro prejudice doubtless figured in adult antagonism. Regardless of whether parents were aware of the Negro sexual origins of the phrase 'rock 'n' roll', Presley impressed them as the visual and aural embodiment of sex.
Despite the largely positive view of Presley held by African Americans, a rumor spread in mid that he had at some point announced, "The only thing Negroes can do for me is buy my records and shine my shoes.
On the set of Jailhouse Rock , Presley granted Robinson an interview, though he was no longer dealing with the mainstream press. He denied making such a statement: "I never said anything like that, and people who know me know that I wouldn't have said it.
A lot of people seem to think I started this business. But rock 'n' roll was here a long time before I came along.
Nobody can sing that kind of music like colored people. Let's face it: I can't sing like Fats Domino can. I know that. The persistence of such attitudes was fueled by resentment over the fact that Presley, whose musical and visual performance idiom owed much to African-American sources, achieved the cultural acknowledgement and commercial success largely denied his black peers.
Addressing his '68 Comeback Special audience, he said, "Rock 'n' roll music is basically gospel or rhythm and blues, or it sprang from that.
People have been adding to it, adding instruments to it, experimenting with it, but it all boils down to [that]. It used to be called rhythm and blues.
Presley's physical attractiveness and sexual appeal were widely acknowledged. He was that good looking. And if you never knew he was a superstar, it wouldn't make any difference; if he'd walked in the room, you'd know somebody special was in your presence.
Writing in , critic George Melly described him as "the master of the sexual simile, treating his guitar as both phallus and girl".
While Presley was marketed as an icon of heterosexuality, some cultural critics have argued that his image was ambiguous. In , Sight and Sound ' s Peter John Dyer described his onscreen persona as "aggressively bisexual in appeal".
Reinforcing Presley's image as a sex symbol were the reports of his dalliances with various Hollywood stars and starlets, from Natalie Wood in the s to Connie Stevens and Ann-Margret in the s to Candice Bergen and Cybill Shepherd in the s.
June Juanico of Memphis, one of Presley's early girlfriends, later blamed Parker for encouraging him to choose his dating partners with publicity in mind.
Elvis kept several horses at Graceland , and horses remain important to the Graceland estate. A local former teacher, Alene Alexander, has taken care of the horses at Graceland for 38 years.
She and Priscilla Presley have a love for horses and have formed a special friendship. It was because of Priscilla that Elvis brought horses to Graceland.
Alexander now serves as Graceland's Ambassador. She is one of three of the original staff members still working at the estate.
The horse named Palomino Rising Sun was Elvis' favorite horse and there are many photographs of him riding him. Once he became Presley's manager, Colonel Tom Parker insisted on exceptionally tight control over his client's career.
Early on, he and his Hill and Range allies, the brothers Jean and Julian Aberbach , perceived the close relationship that developed between Presley and songwriters Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller as a serious threat to that control.
Leiber thought there was a mistake—the sheet of paper was blank except for Parker's signature and a line on which to enter his.
By , Parker's contracts gave him 50 percent of most of Presley's earnings from recordings, films, and merchandise. He would sign a contract without even reading it.
He was only interested in 'now money'—get the buck and get gone. Lacker was instrumental in convincing Presley to record with Memphis producer Chips Moman and his handpicked musicians at American Sound Studio in early The American Sound sessions represented a significant departure from the control customarily exerted by Hill and Range.
Moman still had to deal with the publisher's staff on-site, whose song suggestions he regarded as unacceptable. He was on the verge of quitting until Presley ordered the Hill and Range personnel out of the studio.
Throughout his entire career, Presley performed in only three venues outside the United States—all of them in Canada, during brief tours there in I'll probably start out here in this country and after that, play some concerts abroad, probably starting in Europe.
I want to see some places I've never seen before. Parker was uncharacteristically reluctant, prompting those close to Presley to speculate about the manager's past and the reasons for his evident unwillingness to apply for a passport.
Parker arguably exercised tightest control over Presley's film career. Hal Wallis said, "I'd rather try and close a deal with the devil" than with Parker.
Fellow film producer Sam Katzman described him as "the biggest con artist in the world". In Lacker's description, "The only thing that kept Elvis going after the early years was a new challenge.
But Parker kept running everything into the ground. In Leiber's telling, Jean Aberbach warned them to never again "try to interfere with the business or artistic workings of the process known as Elvis Presley".
In the early s, the circle of friends with whom Presley constantly surrounded himself until his death came to be known as the "Memphis Mafia".
If we hadn't been around, he would have been dead a lot earlier. Larry Geller became Presley's hairdresser in Unlike others in the Memphis Mafia, he was interested in spiritual questions and recalls how, from their first conversation, Presley revealed his secret thoughts and anxieties: "I mean there has to be a purpose I swear to God, no one knows how lonely I get.
And how empty I really feel. Presley's rise to national attention in transformed the field of popular music and had a huge effect on the broader scope of popular culture.
Elvis was a blessing. They wouldn't let black music through. He opened the door for black music.
His following was immense, and he was a symbol to people the world over of the vitality, rebelliousness, and good humor of his country.
Presley's name, image, and voice are recognized around the globe. He introduced the beat to everything and he changed everything—music, language, clothes.
It's a whole new social revolution—the sixties came from it. On the 25th anniversary of Presley's death, The New York Times asserted, "All the talentless impersonators and appalling black velvet paintings on display can make him seem little more than a perverse and distant memory.
But before Elvis was camp, he was its opposite: a genuine cultural force. Elvis' breakthroughs are underappreciated because in this rock-and-roll age, his hard-rocking music and sultry style have triumphed so completely.
Elvis Presley is a supreme figure in American life, one whose presence, no matter how banal or predictable, brooks no real comparisons.
The cultural range of his music has expanded to the point where it includes not only the hits of the day, but also patriotic recitals, pure country gospel, and really dirty blues.
Elvis has emerged as a great artist , a great rocker , a great purveyor of schlock , a great heart throb , a great bore , a great symbol of potency , a great ham , a great nice person , and, yes, a great American.
Presley holds the records for most songs charting in Billboard ' s top 40—    —and top , according to chart statistician Joel Whitburn ,   according to Presley historian Adam Victor.
Whitburn has Presley also with 18, and thus tied for second;  Billboard has him third with As an album artist, Presley is credited by Billboard with the record for the most albums charting in the Billboard : , far ahead of second-place Frank Sinatra's He also holds the record for most time spent at number one on the Billboard 67 weeks.
This gave him a new record for number-one UK albums by a solo artist with 13, and extended his record for longest span between number-one albums by anybody—Presley had first topped the British chart in with his self-titled debut.
In the spider Paradonea presleyi was named in his honor. A vast number of recordings have been issued under Presley's name.
The total number of his original master recordings has been variously calculated as  and In the case of his albums, the distinction between "official" studio records and other forms is often blurred.
For most of the s, his recording career focused on soundtrack albums. In the s, his most heavily promoted and best-selling LP releases tended to be concert albums.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Elvis disambiguation. American singer and actor. Presley in a publicity photograph for the film Jailhouse Rock.
Tupelo, Mississippi , U. Memphis, Tennessee , U. Priscilla Beaulieu. See also: List of songs recorded by Elvis Presley on the Sun label.
Presley transformed not only the sound but the emotion of the song, turning what had been written as a "lament for a lost love into a satisfied declaration of independence.
Presley's definition of rock and roll included a sense of humor—here, during his second Sullivan appearance, he introduces one of his signature numbers.
Elvis in publicity photos for the film Jailhouse Rock. See also: Elvis Presley's Army career. See also: Elvis Presley on film and television.
Presley broke new stylistic ground and displayed his vocal range with this number-one hit. Main article: Singer Presents Beginning with his American Sound recordings, soul music became a central element in Presley's fusion of styles.
Here, he revels in lyrics full of sexual innuendo. See also: Aloha from Hawaii Via Satellite. From How Great Thou Art , a traditional song popular in the black gospel tradition.
The arrangement evokes "the percussive style of the s Golden Gate Quartet. Further information: Colonel Tom Parker. Main article: Memphis Mafia.
I know he invented rock and roll, in a manner of speaking, but He's worshiped as a god today because in addition to inventing rock and roll he was the greatest ballad singer this side of Frank Sinatra —because the spiritual translucence and reined-in gut sexuality of his slow weeper and torchy pop blues still activate the hormones and slavish devotion of millions of female human beings worldwide.
Main articles: Elvis Presley albums discography , singles , songs , and hit albums. Blues Blue Hawaii Girls! Main article: Elvis Presley on film and television.
The physician who delivered him wrote "Elvis Aaron Presley" in his ledger. The name was chosen after the Presleys' friend and fellow congregation member Aaron Kennedy, though a single-A spelling was probably intended by Presley's parents to parallel the middle name of Presley's stillborn brother, Jesse Garon.
Late in his life, he sought to officially change the spelling to Aaron and discovered that state records already listed it that way. Knowing his wishes for his middle name, Aaron is the spelling his father chose for Presley's tombstone, and it is the spelling his estate has designated as official.
He received credit on two other songs to which he did contribute: he provided the title for " That's Someone You Never Forget " , written by his friend and former Humes schoolmate Red West ; Presley and West collaborated with another friend, guitarist Charlie Hodge, on " You'll Be Gone " He tallies each side of the former single as a number-one Billboard ' s sales chart had "Don't Be Cruel" at number one for five weeks, then "Hound Dog" for six and reckons "I Beg of You" as a top ten, as it reached number eight on the old Top chart.
Billboard now considers both singles as unified items, ignoring the historical sales split of the former and its old Top chart entirely.
Whitburn thus analyzes the four songs as yielding three number ones and a total of four top tens. Billboard now states that they yielded just two number ones and a total of two top tens, voiding the separate chart appearances of "Hound Dog" and "I Beg of You".
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